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Topic Tag: research

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Potato peels can turn into a hard material once you heat it up. But what are the ways to actually cook it? And can it be done with some of the Precious Plastic machines? We made this experiment to find out how potato peels work in the extrusion process and also to learn more about the material properties - how it behaves during the process and after it. The spork mold we used was lent to us by amazing @pauldufour Since we are nowhere close to being done with this workflow, it still needs further experimentation with its variables like time, temperature, speed and ingredient mixture. Still, we want to already share our process with you since it is different from the pressure molding we did for the other materials. So far, it looks like this: Ingredients: ⅔ potato peels mixed with ½ water. To make two sporks 95 mm x 35 mm we take 60 g of peel powder and mix it with 30 ml of water. This amount is a bit extra than the actual outcome, as some of it stays in the extruder nozzle. Temperature: the extruder is heated up to 100°C at the nozzle and 30°C - 50°C in the tube. It is better to keep a mild temperature in the tube, otherwise, the material hardens and gets stuck inside. You probably don’t want to spend next hour or two cleaning up the extruder (we’ve been there). Optional: preheating the mold up to 180°C-210°C. This step can be skipped, but we experienced that a preheated mold gives a smoother surface. Extrusion: with a low speed, it takes 4 min for the material to reach the nozzle and 2 min to fill up the mold. If the speed is too high, the starch doesn’t have enough time to get cooked so the material stays weak and crumbly. Taking out: the material is a bit flexy at first but becomes very hard after a day or two. This is because some leftover moisture evaporates slowly. .............. Some general learnings that we have: Shrinking. When the material dries out completely, it becomes about 10% smaller, also because of the water content that leaves after a while. The spork final size is 90 mm x 32 mm. Pressure. More pressure gives a more sealed surface. If we stop the extruder too early, the spork looks rougher and is a bit weaker. Overheating. Don’t overheat! Potato peels become very sticky when the temperature is too high, even when you try to be quick. 130°C is already too much. Mould preheating. It makes the surface more sealed and shiny. It also finishes cooking. We got a black (burnt) sample from a mold pre-heated up to 250°C. Looked good though.
Viewing 30 topics - 1 through 30 (of 105 total)