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Plastic Sorting-A personal project

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This topic contains 22 replies, has 4 voices, and was last updated by  Aniruddha 3 months ago.

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Aniruddha ani0555

Plastic Sorting-A personal project

16/10/2015 at 16:43

Greetings from Denmark, albiet from an Indian citizen.
My name is Aniruddha and I am a student of Industrial Design. I’ve been a huge fan of the Precious Plastics project and was wondering if and how I could add to this wonderful body of work.
So here is my pitch for a idea. I’ve tried making a video but I can’t say I’m proud of it.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dHEVIsSOxHc

So i’ll try and summarise my thoughts through words.
I want to make the sorting of plastic waste into a playfull and rewarding experience, especially for children. For doing so I hope to get public sector educational bodies involved in the movement.
Being a forigner in Denmark, I believe I can view the waste management cycle here in a fresh perspective.
The economy in my adopted country is mostly knowledge based with little production of any kind. Most of the processes of creating and disposing products are outsourced overseas.
There is a strong public sector and a will to be a sustainable system in my region. But as the ‘dirty work’ happens overseas, I believe we citizens may not be completly aware of the problem.
At the moment I’m just starting with the legwork of visiting local waste management bodies and educational museums. More to follow soon.
In the meantime I would love to hear your opinion on the matter.

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warrior
19/10/2015 at 14:44
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Hi @ani0555. Nice you made a video, don’t be harsh. The more you make the better they will get! Sounds like an interesting project you’re starting. Keeps us posted on the proces! Would love to see some information/pictures about your visits to the waste management!

starter
19/10/2015 at 18:53
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These are images from Renosyd. It’s a joint public-private organization that collects and manages the all waste from the cities of Skanderborg and Odder.
Individuals and institutions can also personally bring their waste at a drive through and deposit it at the appropriate station.
[img]http://i.imgur.com/m01PCQ6.jpg[/img]
Pure Plastic waste is divided into 3 major categories.
1. Large plastic furniture that is usually roto or injection moulded. With no metal parts and joints of course.
[img]http://i.imgur.com/P5vCenV.jpg[/img]

2. Plastic sheets and films of all thicknesses. These are compressed and bundled to make transport easier.
[img]http://i.imgur.com/QjMWN9d.jpg[/img]

3. Roto/Blow moulded bottles of different densities of PE. (HDPE, LDPE, PET etc). This stack was emptied the day I visited so no picture. 

If possible, the waste is sold to companies for further sorting and recycling, usually in Germany. The rest is incinerated.
[img]http://i.imgur.com/oCK2eJj.jpg[/img]

What is nice about the place is that it has a newly established design team. They also have an in-house upcycling workshop that works with local artists and provides traineeship for migrant workers. They also run workshops at schools.
..and in typical Danish fashion, the strategy is discussed with the use of LEGO. 
[img]http://i.imgur.com/WLz14wD.jpg[/img]

More to follow…….

starter
19/10/2015 at 19:08
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Ahh…having trouble with the images. Attempt 2.

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starter
19/10/2015 at 19:13
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attempt3

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warrior
28/10/2015 at 21:34
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Thanks for sharing the images! Always interesting to see how it’s done in other places. Would be great if you could share if you visit other places as well

They also have an in-house upcycling workshop that works with local artists and provides traineeship for migrant workers

That’s pretty awesome! You rarely see that.

starter
25/12/2015 at 15:14
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Hello folks,
Sorry for the long absence. Post the Christmas holidays I will be working on the aforementioned project fulltime.
Before the holidays I made a few more trips in my region. I will be working in partnership with a museum called the Økolariet, on the project. Applications for a grant have begun.
I also visited Aage Vestergaard Larsen a/s, whom I believe are the largest plastic recycling plant in Denmark. Here are some images from my visit there.
…and again I must apologize for the low quality. I lost my precious camera on my way to the factory 
More to follow very, very soon. Merry Christmas!

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starter
25/12/2015 at 15:17
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AVL buy collected plastic waste from collection agencies. Though a large part of what they deal in is production waste such as pipes, unwoven fabrics and packaging.
They mostly purchase pre-sorted polyolefins family plastics such as PP, HDPE and LDPE They currently have cleaning and sorting facilities for the three. They also buy pre sorted PS.

They use a floatation method for sorting. I had overlooked this technique in my research previously but I have a new found fascination for it now.

The process is as follows.
Shred > Wash > Separate > Dry > Pelletize > Test > Sell

There is an in-house lab that tests the plastic quality and creates a database of every batch of pellets made in the past few years.

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starter
25/12/2015 at 16:15
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One more very interesting image. This one also from a waste collection agency that conducts workshops about waste management for kids. Can you guess what this contraption is trying to demonstrate?

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warrior
27/12/2015 at 01:59
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no idea, but very curious!

warrior
27/12/2015 at 02:01
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thanks for sharing this here @ani0555! Very interesting to see your visits and read about them!

starter
27/12/2015 at 14:30
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Its a model that shows how all house-hold waste is sorted. When school children or new clients visit they are given a demonstration.
Its a manual mini version of this https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FcHs48En7P4
Complete with magnets and a foot powered air pump.

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starter
22/03/2016 at 14:22
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Its been a while since I last gave the forum an update. I have been keeping myself rather busy.
So to cut to the chase, Through my research I discovered the following.

Each type of plastic has a specific density. Using a series of liquids of corresponding densities I would be able to seperate the 6 common types of plastic.

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starter
22/03/2016 at 14:48
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Now the question was how to make this sorting process a fun, enjoyable activity. To do so I imagined the experience you can see in conceptual video here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5db3J_HD_qo

I’d advise you to turn up the volume a bit.

I am at the stage where I am building mock-ups with various configurations and trying to identify which one would best fit the experience.

https://goo.gl/photos/36PUqBkx4cevhjr18

https://goo.gl/photos/n3K7xz8o1WMNWaLV7

https://goo.gl/photos/tnsm8incXDXmeftDA

Your inputs would be most welcomed.

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starter
10/05/2016 at 08:27
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Love your thinking of the multiple trays pulling off sorted materials – elegant. I don’t understand the need for the hot air and can see more problems than benifits. Is it to move the material along to the next stage?

starter
01/06/2016 at 19:25
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Hey @chrismcgowen-com ,
Its all trial and error at the moment. The hot air gun was to make sure that any liquid on the surface of the shreds evaporates and does not alter the density of the liquid in the next tank.
But if you have any suggestions I would love to get your input on it.

I have now conducted a few test sessions with students. I’ll upload make the images available to the community asap.

starter
01/06/2016 at 19:29
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Here are some images of a workshop I conducted with the tanks at a local adult education school. Please feel free to ask me any questions.
I am also looking to develop simple mechanisms to move the plastics between tanks. I’ll post some examples asap, nevertheless I would love your input as well.

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starter
01/06/2016 at 19:32
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some more

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starter
01/06/2016 at 19:38
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last set

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warrior
02/06/2016 at 05:07
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Cool! you made it! Looks good. So how did it work, is it a good way to seperate plastic?

starter
06/06/2016 at 08:53
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Hey @davehakkens ,
Its been a while. Yep, finally put made one. 🙂
It works fine as a educational tool. The students enjoyed themselves and so did the chemistry teachers. The archimedes screw wasn’t good enough in the end but I do have another option planned.
At the moment the sorted plastic isn’t pure enough for an application like say the extrusion machine as we has discussed in Feb. But should be fine for injection moulding.
As an academic project its deadline is past. But as a personal project I am still hoping to tweak the experience a bit further. I may also take a leaf from your book and make a tutorial on how it can be made.

Here are some videos of mechanisms I tested. I now want to add gears and a drivetrain to the second option.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R6J2rH3M3Nc

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZfGS_vnedXc

new
02/09/2018 at 18:49
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Hey! I was thinking and reading all your posts…  I just conceived this primitive Plastic sorting system. Ok it’s very rough, but what I wanted to do is give an alternative (or ispiring it) to the Archimede’s Screw problem. Hope this will bring you a new perspective.

P.s: the cube tank in the second picture is one of the main tank shown in the first picture. The second picture shows only the way you can collect floating plastic and bring them to the second tank. Still looking how to automatize this.

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starter
07/09/2018 at 17:08
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Hey Marco,

 

Thanks for taking a look through my work and for sharing your thoughts. Yes, I do believe what you have drawn can be achieved through a little ingenuity. That valve/spout combo you need may be tricky to achieve but I’d encourage you to go ahead and create mock-ups.

I eventually replaced the Archimedes Screw with a combination of bottle-brushes and a belt drive. I can’t remember if I shared that on the forum, but I will share it here again once I can find the photos. (*edit images added :-))

Think hard about why you wish to automatize the process. These tanks work as a fun learning tool about plastics and density. But they will not be able to consistently sort out a large quantity of mixed plastic.

 

Here to help

-Ani 🙂

 

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